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Meho Krljic:
Još malo wireda danas:

Siri’s Inventors Are Building a Radical New AI That Does Anything You Ask

Meho Krljic:
Robots face new test of creative abilities

--- Quote ---A US professor is proposing a new way to test whether artificial intelligence (AI) is on a par with that of humans.
Currently scientists use the Turing test - named after computer scientist Alan Turing - which evaluates whether an AI can convince a judge that it is human in a conversation.
Prof Mark Riedl, from the Georgia Institute of Technology, is proposing a new test.
It would ask a machine to create a convincing poem, story or painting.
Dubbed Lovelace 2.0 it is an iteration of a previous Lovelace Test, proposed in 2001.
Named after one of the first computer programmers, the original test required an AI to create something that it would be incapable of explaining how it was created.
Lovelace 2.0 develops that idea.
"For the test, the artificial agent passes if it develops a creative artefact from a subset of artistic genres deemed to require human-level intelligence and the artefact meets certain creative constraints given by a human evaluator," explained Prof Riedl.
The artefact could be painting, poetry, architectural design or a fictional story.
"Creativity is not unique to human intelligence, but it is one of the hallmarks of human intelligence," said Prof Riedl.
Algorithms have already created stories and paintings although according to Prof Riedl "no existing story generation system can pass the Lovelace 2.0 test".
 Inspiring music Experts had mixed feelings about how good such a test would be.
Prof Alan Woodward, a computer expert from the University of Surrey thinks it could help make a key distinction.
"I think this new test shows that we all now recognise that humans are more than just very advanced machines, and that creativity is one of those features that separates us from computers - for now."
But David Wood, chairman of the London Futurists, is not convinced.
"It's a popular view that humans differ fundamentally from AIs because humans possess creativity whereas AIs only follow paths of strict rationality," he said.
"This is a comforting view, but I think it's wrong. There are already robots that manifest rudimentary emotional intelligence and computers can already write inspiring music."
The 65-year-old Turing test is successfully passed if a computer is mistaken for a human more than 30% of the time during a series of five-minute keyboard conversations.
Back in June a computer program called Eugene Goostman, which simulates a 13-year-old Ukrainian boy, was said to have passed the Turing test although some experts disputed the claims.

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Meho Krljic:
Experts pledge to rein in AI research

--- Quote ---Scientists including Stephen Hawking and Elon Musk have signed a letter pledging to ensure artificial intelligence research benefits mankind.
The promise of AI to solve human problems had to be matched with safeguards on how it was used, it said.
The letter was drafted by the Future of Life Institute, which seeks to head off risks that could wipe out humanity.
The letter comes soon after Prof Hawking warned that AI could "supersede" humans.
 Rampant AI AI experts, robot makers, programmers, physicists and ethicists and many others have signed the open letter penned by the non-profit institute.
In it, the institute said there was now a "broad consensus" that AI research was making steady progress and because of this would have a growing impact on society.
Research into AI, using a variety of approaches, had brought about great progress on speech recognition, image analysis, driverless cars, translation and robot motion, it said.
Future AI systems had the potential to go further and perhaps realise such lofty ambitions as eradicating disease and poverty, it said.
However, it warned, research to reap the rewards of AI had to be matched with an equal care to avoid the harm it could do.
In the short term, this could mean research into the economic effects of AI to stop smart systems putting millions of people out of work.
In the long term, it would mean researchers ensure that as AI is given control of our infrastructure, restraints are in place to limit the damage that would result if the system broke down.
"Our AI systems must do what we want them to do," said the letter.
The dangers of a rampant AI answerable only to itself and not its human creators was spelled out in early December by Prof Hawking when he said AI had the potential to "spell the end of the human race."
Letting an artificially intelligent system guide its own development could be catastrophic, he warned in a BBC interview.
"It would take off on its own, and re-design itself at an ever increasing rate," he said.

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Meho Krljic:
S obzirom da se mnogi mudrac podigao da nas upozori kako proizvodnja napredne artificijelne inteligencije može da upropasti sve što smo gradili ovolike milenijume, ovo je zgodan pregled trenutnih projekata koji se bave AI-jem i stanja u kome im se razvoj nalazi:

What you wanted to know about AI


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